The largest living terrestrial animals, male African elephants can reach a height of 4m and weigh 7 000kg. These animals have several distinctive features, including a long proboscis or trunk used for many purposes , particularly for grasping objects. The elephant’s large ear flaps help to control the temperature of it body.
Calves are the center of attention in their family groups and rely on their mothers for as long as three years. Elephants can live up to 70 years in the wild. They communicate by touch, sight and sound; elephants use infra sound and seismic communication over long distances. They appear to have self-awareness and show empathy for dying or dead individuals of their kind.